Baumgarten’s most significant work, written in Latin, was Aesthetica, 2 vol. ( –58). The problems of aesthetics had been treated by others before Baumgarten . BAUMGARTEN’S AESTHETICA. MARY J. GREGOR. Although the content of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s. Aesthetica1 seems to be familiar in German. Ästhetik Als Philosophie der Sinnlichen Erkenntnis Eine Interpretation der ” Aesthetica” A. G. Baumgartens Mit Teilweiser Wiedergabe des Lateinischen Textes.
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Further, the material he did complete suggests that he may have been more successful in making conceptual space for the appreciation of the particularly sensible aspects of art than in substantively changing how art is actually experienced.
Aesthetica | work by Baumgarten |
This locates the harmony or agreement in which perfection always consists in the relation between the intentions of the architect and the building that results from his plans and supervision.
Herder is thus no straightforward historicist or cultural relativist. In these works Kant’s harsh aestheticx of his quondam student’s Ideas for a Philosophy of History of Humanity were repaid with baumgaarten. Just as little as the philosopher can discover the appearances of nature, without examples from experience, merely through a priori inferences, so little can he establish appearances in the beautiful world, if one can thus express oneself, without diligent observations.
Les Etudes Philosophiques 17 2: But at twenty, he left the university and went to Berlin to make a career as a writer. Now, as we saw, Baumgarten in fact made room for this dimension of aesthetic experience in his early Meditations on Poetryeven though he did not take it up again in the Aestheticaand Meier emphasized it in bxumgarten of his works.
In other words, there is potential for beauty in the form of a work as well as in its content because its form can be pleasing to our complex capacity for sensible representation—the analogon rationis —just as its content can be pleasing to our theoretical or practical reason itself.
Baumgarten, Deleuze and the ‘Becoming Girl’ of Philosophy. Instead, the innovation comes at the beginning of the first chapter of the work, when Baumgarten writes that.
With the development of art as a commercial enterprise linked to the rise of a nouveau riche class across Europe, the purchasing of art inevitably led to the question, “what is good art? Nevertheless, in the course of his works he introduces some ideas about both the fine arts and our response to them that will be seminal baumgartrn the next half-century of German thought.
18th Century German Aesthetics
For psychology, to know is to seeand its greatest pleasure is beauty …. However, Winckelmann believes that natural beauty itself lies not merely in the superficial appearance of bodies but, at least in the case of human beauty, is an expression of the thought and character of persons:. A Techno-Aesthetic Approach to Representation. The theoretical basis of the work was the Wolffian principle that the theater and other forms of poetry Gottsched had little to say about the emerging medium of the novel should be used to convey important moral truths through images that would make them accessible and engaging for a wide audience.
He returned to Berlin again inbut, disappointed in his hopes for the position of Royal Librarian, went to Hamburg in as director of the National Theater.
A science of aesthetics would be, for Baumgarten, a deduction of the rules or principles of artistic or natural beauty from individual “taste”. Aesthetic responses naturally emerge from our senses.
Since affects are more notable degrees of pain and pleasure, their sensible representations are given in representing something to oneself confusedly as good or bad, and thus they determine poetic representations, and to arouse affects is poetic. So the immensity which inspires us with awe must also be interpreted as a baumgarte of perfection. The fourth Grove is cast as aestheticaa critique of Riedel’s Theory of the Fine Sciences and Artsas baumyarten noted, but also continues the debate bqumgarten Lessing.
This leads Mendelssohn to the point that although works of music, dance, and for that matter poetry themselves take place through a succession of moments and can thereby convey a succession of movements, painting and sculpture can represent only a single moment in the history of their objects.
The emphasis on the imagination seems to have been the central issue in Bodmer and Breitinger’s dispute with Gottsched, which came to a head in Breitinger’s own Critische Dichtkunstpublished in with a forward by Bodmer. In the latter essay, Mendelssohn makes a number of points that will become central to the subsequent German discussion of the sublime, especially in Kant. In any case, Herder’s own method is certainly to reach general conclusions only from close examination of examples of art and of our response to them.
It became central to the aesthetic theories of Kant and Schiller in the Critique of the Power of Judgment and the Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Mankind Painting and music are thus best suited to represent objects in space and successions of events in time. Poetry, precisely because it employs artificial rather than natural signs, can therefore bring us closer to the reality that underlies the superficial features of objects captured by artificial signs.
But for Wolff our ability to produce works of art is another manifestation of the perfection of the world—of which we are a part—and in turn of God. Leyla Haferkamp – – Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 4 1: Thus Bodmer and Breitinger thought that the moralistic aim of poetry that they accepted in common with Gottsched could be better achieved by a freer use of the imagination in poetry than Gottsched was prepared to allow.
This is the background from which Wolff’s own hints toward aesthetics emerged. The real object of pleasure then becomes the activity of one’s own representational state, manifested in the form of sentiment, that is caused by the perfection of the beautiful object.
Pseudo Longino Il sublime AA. Now he has it! Belonging here are all the perfections of external forms, that is, the lines, surfaces, and bodies and their movements and changes; the harmony of the multiple sounds and colors; the order in the parts of a whole, their similarity, variety, and harmony; their transposition and transformation into other forms; all the capabilities of our soul, all the skills of our body.
Nevertheless, some of Baumgarten’s categories of aesthetic qualities are important. The program notes he wrote in that capacity became his Hamburg Dramaturgyhis most extended critical work.
You are commenting using your Facebook account. But Sulzer himself already departs from the purely Wolffian conception that the experience of beauty consists simply in a clear but obscure recognition of the perfection of an object relative to a conception of its purpose because he holds that the experience of the beauty of an object is an awareness of its effect on our representational faculty rather than an awareness of the cause of that effect in the object.
Art, as an imitator of nature, should always seek out what is natural for the form of beauty, and should avoid, as much as is possible, all that is violent, because even the beauty in life can become displeasing through forced gestures.
Kant’s selection of the Jewish student for the defense of his inaugural dissertation in was not accepted happily by some members of the faculty, but Kant supported Herz then and always remained loyal to him, even as the student’s views diverged from his own.